Copias del Manuscrito

The universal guide for China studies resume con maestría algunos de los datos contrastados hasta el 2010.

Of the original 14 chapters of the Gongsun Longzi, only 6 are extant. The imperial bibliographyJingjizhi 經籍志 in the official dynastic history Suishu 隋書 lists the book Shoubailun 守白論 “Preserving the white” among the Daoist writings, but there is no category of “dialecticians” (mingjia) in this bibliography.

It can be assumed that the book Shoubailun is identical with theGongsun Longzi. Song period 宋 (960-1279) bibliographies say the book was 6 chapters long, but the bibliography in the official dynastic history Jiutangshu 舊唐書 speaks of 3 juan of length.

Song period scholars doubted that the book was compiled during the Warring States period and called it a forgery from the Jin period 晉 (265-420).

This idea was resumed by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Yao Jiheng 姚際恒 in his book Gujin weishu kao 古今偽書考.

Other scholars like Gu Shi 顧實, Liu Rulin 劉汝霖 and Guo Moruo 郭沫若 did not go so far and found out that part of the book was original, and some parts later additions.

The first of the six surviving chapters (Jifu 跡府 “Storehouse of remnants”) might have been compiled by disciples of Gongsun Long. It is a general overview of Gongsun’s most important theories and includes a discussion with Kong Chuan.

Wang Wan 王琯 and Luan Diaofu 欒調甫 assumed that the transmitted text was without doubt a compilation by Gongsun Long himself.

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